IoC Explained with Examples in Spring Boot: Understanding Inversion of Control

Inversion of Control (IoC) is a design pattern that is widely used in Spring Boot applications. The basic idea behind IoC is to invert the control of the flow of application execution. Rather than having the application control the creation and management of objects, IoC puts this responsibility in the hands of a framework, such as Spring Boot.

In Spring Boot, the IoC container is responsible for creating and managing objects, or beans, and injecting dependencies into them. This means that instead of creating objects and dependencies explicitly in our code, we rely on the framework to do this for us. We simply define our beans, dependencies, and the relationships between them, and let Spring Boot take care of the rest.

Here’s an example of how IoC works in Spring Boot:

public class MyService {
    private final MyDependency myDependency;

    public MyService(MyDependency myDependency) {
        this.myDependency = myDependency;

    // method that uses the dependency
    public void doSomething() {

public class MyDependency {
    public void someMethod() {
        // implementation code here

In this example, we define a MyService class with a dependency on MyDependency. We inject the MyDependency instance through the constructor, and Spring Boot automatically wires the dependency using the bean we defined earlier.

By using IoC and dependency injection, we can achieve loose coupling between objects, making our code more modular and easier to maintain. We can also easily swap out dependencies with different implementations without changing the code in our classes. This makes our code more flexible and easier to adapt to changing requirements.

In summary, IoC is a powerful pattern that underpins much of the functionality in Spring Boot applications. By relying on a framework to manage the creation and management of objects, we can write more modular, flexible, and maintainable code.

Leave a Reply